What are the differences between"可以kěyǐ,会huì,能néng“?

‘会’(huì),‘能’(néng), ‘可以’(kěyǐ) all mean ‘can,’ but what exactly the differences between them, why sometimes I see someone use“可以kěyǐ” when other people use“能néng”?
I hope this article will help you to master them. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me on Verbling( https://www.verbling.com/teachers/rosalu ), one of the best platform for learning languages.^^
Note: This grammar summary is for all levels.

会huì:


1.Know how to(Emphasizes skills acquired through learning.)
E. g.:我会说汉语wǒ huì shuō hàn yǔ
--I can speak Chinese。 2.Likely to Happen(emphasize the subjective possibility)
E.g., 我喝咖啡会睡不着Wǒ hē kāfēi huì shuì bùzháo。
--I can't sleep when I drink coffee.
E.g.:我觉得明天会下雨wǒ jué dé mínɡ tiān huì xià yǔ。
--I suppose it will rain tomorrow.

能nénɡ :


1. Indicating an ability.
(1)Inborn ability doesn’t need to learn.
E.g:我有眼睛,所以我能看wǒ yǒu yǎnjīng, suǒyǐ wǒ néng kàn。
--I have eyes, so I can see.
(2) the ability is up to a level or Achieves a specific efficiency.
E.g:她一分钟能打70个字tā yì fēn zhōnɡ nénɡ dǎ 70 ɡè zì 。
--She can type 70 words a minute.
(3).lost some ability for the moment, because of some reasons or recover the ability.(not able to )
E.g., 他好多了,能下床了tā hǎo duō le , nénɡ xià chuánɡ le.
--He's much better and can get up now.
2. Emphasize the objective possibility, usually used before a verb.
E.g:我今天有事,不能去你家wǒ jīn tiān yǒu shì , bù nénɡ qù nǐ jiā。
--I have something to do today and can't go to your house。
E.g., 他认识很多人,他能帮你tā rènshi hěn duō rén, tā néng bāng nǐ
--He knows a lot of people, he can help you.
3.“能nénɡ....吗ma?”=“能不能nénɡ bu nénɡ” is often used to indicate a request or hope for
permission(here is equal to one of the meanings of“可以ké yǐ,” please check the end of the article).
E.g:我能坐这里吗?wǒ nénɡ zuò zhè lǐ mɑ ?
=我能不能坐这里?wǒ nénɡ bu nénɡ zuò zhè lǐ ?
--Can I sit here?
Note: The definite answer we usually use:可以ké yǐ ,Negative answer is:不能bù nénɡ.

可以ké yǐ :


1.“May” or to be allowed to (have been granted permission)
E.g:我可以进去吗?wǒ ké yǐ jìn qù mɑ ?
--May I come in?
E.g:妈妈,我可以吃糖果吗?mā mɑ , wǒ ké yǐ chī tánɡ ɡuǒ mɑ ?
--Mom,Can I eat candy?
E.g:我可以坐这里吗?wǒ ké yǐ zuò zhè lǐ mɑ ?
=我可不可以坐这里?wǒ kě bu ké yǐ zuò zhè lǐ ?
--May I sit here?
2. advise
E.g., 如果你有问题,你可以问你的老师rúguǒ nǐ yǒu wèntí, nǐ kěyǐ wèn nǐ de lǎoshi.
--If you have questions, you can ask your teacher.
E.g., 现在不下雨了,我们可以出去玩了。Xiànzài bùxià yǔle, wǒmen kěyǐ chūqù wánle.
--It's not raining now, we can go out and play.
****************************************************************************************

可以 & (kěyǐ/néng)


1.ask for possibility or permission – 可以kěyǐ/能néng
E.g: 我 可以/能 用你的书吗?wǒ kěyǐ/néng yòng nǐ de shū ma?
---May I use your book?
E·g: 我 可以/能 进来吗?wǒ kěyǐ/néng jìnlái ma?
--May I come in?
E·g: 你 可以/能 帮我吗?nǐ kěyǐ/néng bāng wǒ ma?
--Can you help me?
2. prohibition – 不能bùnéng/ 不可以bùkěyǐ
E·g: 你 不能/不可以 这样做nǐ bùnéng/bù kěyǐ zhèyàng zuò.
--You can’t do like that. (forbidden)
E·g: 你 不能/不可以 在这抽烟nǐ bùnéng/bù kěyǐ zài zhè chōuyān.
--You can’t smoke here.
Tips: ‘ 不可以’(bùkěyǐ) is only used to express prohibition. ‘不能’(bùnéng) is used to express impossibility because of some reasons.

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以上内容为Rosa(Danxia)Lu https://www.verbling.com/teachers/rosalu 编辑整理,如需转载请注明出处!(For reprint, please indicate the source)

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Hello! 你好nǐ hǎo! Olá!こんにちは! This is Rosa, from China and been living in Brazil for about 5 years, where I teach Chinese courses now. 大家好,我叫Rosa,来自中国,我在巴西住了大概五年并在这里教授中文课程。 ➡️I speak fluent English, daily life Portuguese, and a little Japanese. So I do understand your feeling and the difficulties when you start to learn a new language. and I have gained a lot of experience along the way which will help you take less detours. 我会说流利的英文,日常的葡萄牙语和一点儿日语,所以我知道学习一门新的语言时的困难。在我学习语言的过程中积累了很多的经验,这会帮助你走少弯路。 ★ ★ ★Me as a Teacher ➡️I have about 3 years of teaching experience, and I'm having a professional teaching course at Beijing Language and Culture University, one of the most renowned universities for language teaching in China(Never too old to learn.^^). 我有三年左右的线下和线上教学经验.同时,我还在北京语言大学学习专业的对外汉语教学课程,这是中国最著名的语言教学大学之一(活到老学到老^^)。 ★ ★ ★My Lessons & Teaching Style ***My course is from Beginner to Upper Advanced: 我的课程是从零基础到高级。 ➡️Before class, we'll discuss and set your learning targets, according to your purpose, level & preferred method, I will design a personalized course and provide the right materials for you(or use your own materials). 上课之前,根据你的目的,级别和喜欢的教学风格,我们会讨论和设定你的学习目标,我会设计个性化的课程和提供合适的学习材料给你(或者可以使用你自己的材料)。 ➡️➡️➡️I use a flexible method to teach students regardless of their ages, personalities, and fluency levels in Mandarin. The formation of a language is not only built by grammar, pronunciations, but also the culture itself. As I am native and I have been here in Brazil for a long time, I understand the differences. Therefore, I always present the Chinese culture and explain the applications of vocabulary and sentences in each case. 我使用灵活的方法教授学生,无论他们的年龄,性格和普通话的流利程度如何。语言的形成不仅建立在语法,发音之上,更是文化本身。 因为我是汉语母语者,而且我已经在巴西待了很长时间,所以我理解这些差异。 因此,我总是给你呈现中国文化,并在不同的情况下解释词汇和句子的应用。 ✿✿✿Don't be afraid to make mistakes. You must know that "failure is the mother of success."^_^ I will patiently guide you to correct mistakes, and you will make progress in your mistakes. 不要怕犯错误,要知道“失败乃成功之母”,我会很耐心地引导你自己纠正错误,你会在错误中进步。 ➡️For all levels of students, I will encourage you to speak Chinese as much as possible in class.The best way to master a language is by speaking and using it。 对于所有级别的学生,我会鼓励你在课堂上尽可能多地说中文。掌握一门语言的最好方法是说并使用它。 ➡️For beginners, I recommend using some textbooks to build your vocabulary, sentence, and grammar system. The contents of the textbook are basically close to everyday life (If there are any errors in the book, I will correct it in time for sure). ☞The textbooks for structure lessons I might use are as below: (✿✿✿Don't worry, we won't just follow all the lessons and learn something you might not use, we will only learn the most useful contents in those textbooks for your needs.Learning a language is a long journey. Why not learn it in an interesting way, right?:)✿✿✿): 对于系统课程,以下是我可能会使用的一些课本(别担心,我们不会只关注所有课程并学习一些你可能不会使用的东西,我们只会根据你的需要学习这些教科书中最有用的内容。学习语言是一个漫长的旅程,为什么不以有趣的方式来学习它,你说呢?:)): 1,体验汉语:生活篇/留学篇/商务篇/旅游篇/文化篇 Experiencing Chinese-living in China/studying in China/Business communication in China/Traveling in China/Experiencing culture in China; 2,HSK标准教程Standard Course HSK; 3,新实用汉语New practical Chinese reader; 4,汉语口语速成Short-term spoken Chinese; 5,轻松学中文Easy steps to Chinese(For Teenagers青少年); 6,新丝路商务汉语New silk road Business Chinese; 7,成功之道-中级商务汉语案例教程Business Chinese for success-real cases from real companies. If you still have any questions, please feel free to contact me or book a trial lesson.I look forward to meeting you in the class.:) 如果你还有任何问题,欢迎随时联系我或者预订一堂试听课,期待在课堂上与你见面:)
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Hello! 你好nǐ hǎo! Olá!こんにちは! This is Rosa, from China and been living in Brazil for about 5 years, where I teach Chinese courses now. 大家好,我叫Rosa,来自中国,我在巴西住了大概五年并在这里教授中文课程。 ➡️I speak fluent English, daily life Portuguese, and a little Japanese. So I do understand your feeling and the difficulties when you start to learn a new language. and I have gained a lot of experience along the way which will help you take less detours. 我会说流利的英文,日常的葡萄牙语和一点儿日语,所以我知道学习一门新的语言时的困难。在我学习语言的过程中积累了很多的经验,这会帮助你走少弯路。 ★ ★ ★Me as a Teacher ➡️I have about 3 years of teaching experience, and I'm having a professional teaching course at Beijing Language and Culture University, one of the most renowned universities for language teaching in China(Never too old to learn.^^). 我有三年左右的线下和线上教学经验.同时,我还在北京语言大学学习专业的对外汉语教学课程,这是中国最著名的语言教学大学之一(活到老学到老^^)。 ★ ★ ★My Lessons & Teaching Style ***My course is from Beginner to Upper Advanced: 我的课程是从零基础到高级。 ➡️Before class, we'll discuss and set your learning targets, according to your purpose, level & preferred method, I will design a personalized course and provide the right materials for you(or use your own materials). 上课之前,根据你的目的,级别和喜欢的教学风格,我们会讨论和设定你的学习目标,我会设计个性化的课程和提供合适的学习材料给你(或者可以使用你自己的材料)。 ➡️➡️➡️I use a flexible method to teach students regardless of their ages, personalities, and fluency levels in Mandarin. The formation of a language is not only built by grammar, pronunciations, but also the culture itself. As I am native and I have been here in Brazil for a long time, I understand the differences. Therefore, I always present the Chinese culture and explain the applications of vocabulary and sentences in each case. 我使用灵活的方法教授学生,无论他们的年龄,性格和普通话的流利程度如何。语言的形成不仅建立在语法,发音之上,更是文化本身。 因为我是汉语母语者,而且我已经在巴西待了很长时间,所以我理解这些差异。 因此,我总是给你呈现中国文化,并在不同的情况下解释词汇和句子的应用。 ✿✿✿Don't be afraid to make mistakes. You must know that "failure is the mother of success."^_^ I will patiently guide you to correct mistakes, and you will make progress in your mistakes. 不要怕犯错误,要知道“失败乃成功之母”,我会很耐心地引导你自己纠正错误,你会在错误中进步。 ➡️For all levels of students, I will encourage you to speak Chinese as much as possible in class.The best way to master a language is by speaking and using it。 对于所有级别的学生,我会鼓励你在课堂上尽可能多地说中文。掌握一门语言的最好方法是说并使用它。 ➡️For beginners, I recommend using some textbooks to build your vocabulary, sentence, and grammar system. The contents of the textbook are basically close to everyday life (If there are any errors in the book, I will correct it in time for sure). ☞The textbooks for structure lessons I might use are as below: (✿✿✿Don't worry, we won't just follow all the lessons and learn something you might not use, we will only learn the most useful contents in those textbooks for your needs.Learning a language is a long journey. Why not learn it in an interesting way, right?:)✿✿✿): 对于系统课程,以下是我可能会使用的一些课本(别担心,我们不会只关注所有课程并学习一些你可能不会使用的东西,我们只会根据你的需要学习这些教科书中最有用的内容。学习语言是一个漫长的旅程,为什么不以有趣的方式来学习它,你说呢?:)): 1,体验汉语:生活篇/留学篇/商务篇/旅游篇/文化篇 Experiencing Chinese-living in China/studying in China/Business communication in China/Traveling in China/Experiencing culture in China; 2,HSK标准教程Standard Course HSK; 3,新实用汉语New practical Chinese reader; 4,汉语口语速成Short-term spoken Chinese; 5,轻松学中文Easy steps to Chinese(For Teenagers青少年); 6,新丝路商务汉语New silk road Business Chinese; 7,成功之道-中级商务汉语案例教程Business Chinese for success-real cases from real companies. If you still have any questions, please feel free to contact me or book a trial lesson.I look forward to meeting you in the class.:) 如果你还有任何问题,欢迎随时联系我或者预订一堂试听课,期待在课堂上与你见面:)
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