The difference between "不 Bù" and “没 Méi” in Mandarin.

A

“不”

1. is used to express personal wishes;

For instance: 他不想去上班 Tā bùxiǎng qù shàngbān. He doesn't want to go to work.


Note: When "不" is used in the past situation, it usually means that the person didn't want to or didn't willing to do something;

For instance: 昨天是他自己不去 Zuótiān shì tā zìjǐ bú qù. It's him that didn't (want to) go yesterday.


2. is used to deny recurrent or habitual situations;

For instance: 他不吸烟 Tā bù xīyān. He doesn't smoke.


“没”

is used to deny an action has occurred;

For instance: 我没在吃饭 Wǒ méi zài chīfàn. I'm not eating.


B

“不”

is used to represent judgment or cognition:不是 búshì、不像 búxiàng/不会 búhuì、不应该 bù yīnggāi/不知道 bù zhīdào;

For instance: 他不是这种人 Tā búshì zhè zhǒng rén. He is not this kind of person.


C

“不”

is used to deny the nature or the state of things;

For instance: 这些苹果不红 Zhèxiē pínggǔo bù hóng. These apples are not red.


"没"

is used to deny the change of the nature or the state of things;

For instance: 这些苹果还没红 Zhèxiē pínggǔo hái méi hóng. These apples are still not red.





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Chinese is a unique language. Chinese grammar isn't difficult compared to other languages like English, but the tones, the word order and the Chinese characters make all the difference. The best way to learn Chinese is to master the three parts of it, then the rest will come together easily. My name’s Minghui, I’m a full-time professional Chinese teacher with nearly 4 years experience. I have developed special teaching methods to help you conquer Chinese by mastering the most important three parts of it, no matter if you’re a beginner or you have been studying Chinese for years. It doesn’t matter if you don’t have any studying materials, it doesn’t matter if you don’t know where to begin the studying journey and it also doesn’t matter if you’re struggling with some certain parts of Chinese learning, because all of these can be resolved in my class. Come and join our fun and motivating class, I believe I’ll be the one who can really help you! See you soon. *** Kindly note that 60 mins lessons are 55 mins to allow for a short break between classes.
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لغة الماندرين
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يتحدث:
لغة الماندرين
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Chinese is a unique language. Chinese grammar isn't difficult compared to other languages like English, but the tones, the word order and the Chinese characters make all the difference. The best way to learn Chinese is to master the three parts of it, then the rest will come together easily. My name’s Minghui, I’m a full-time professional Chinese teacher with nearly 4 years experience. I have developed special teaching methods to help you conquer Chinese by mastering the most important three parts of it, no matter if you’re a beginner or you have been studying Chinese for years. It doesn’t matter if you don’t have any studying materials, it doesn’t matter if you don’t know where to begin the studying journey and it also doesn’t matter if you’re struggling with some certain parts of Chinese learning, because all of these can be resolved in my class. Come and join our fun and motivating class, I believe I’ll be the one who can really help you! See you soon. *** Kindly note that 60 mins lessons are 55 mins to allow for a short break between classes.
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